Facts About the Logging and Lumber Industry

Wood is one of the most versatile and most durable materials we have. You get different kinds that are harder and softer and based on this they are used for a variety of purposes. Deforestation is a huge problem in the world, but most lumber and logging companies claim that they remain within the regulations and limits that are set out by law. To better understand the process and why it can have dire consequences when done incorrectly, you need to know how it works.

Logging Methods, Cutting, and Transportation

Clear cutting and selective logging. These are the two types of logging. Clear-cutting means that everything in an area is cut down, while selective logging chooses a few specific trees to cut down and keep the rest of the area intact.

No more lumberjacks. Very few logging companies still use lumberjacks and saws to cut down trees. Today, the process is highly mechanized and makes use of bulldozers to push over and drag trees to where they are cut up.

Setting up camps and building roads cause damage. The damage caused by clearing areas for camps and roads to reach the logging site is often worse than the actual logging.

Cut to size. Once the tree is down and moved to a cutting area, very skilled lumbermen take to cutting the branches off or cutting the tree to standard sized logs.

Transportation can be a tough job. Being a lumberman has many dangers and some of the greatest ones are involved with marking and transportation of the trees and logs. There are different ways to transport the wood that range from lines and ropes to bulldozers.

Logging Companies

Logging companies need to stick to certain laws and rules, but these are relatively easy to get by because there isn’t enough resources and manpower to enforce the rules. A logging company needs to contact the relevant government and get grants and permits to start an operation on public lands.

Logging is necessary for us to have firewood and wood for furniture and construction. However, there are many animals that also need trees and we need trees to stay alive. Logging practices have greatly contributed to deforestation and have caused many problems. Many companies are looking into making use of more environmentally friendly practices, but this usually takes time and money.

6 Steps to Restore Aged Wood and Make it Long Young Again

You can buy furniture from the best suppliers and stores and have the highest quality of wood furniture, but eventually, the wood will start showing signs of aging. No matter what the type of wood and how well you look after it, eventually age will show. Taking good care of your furniture will help to delay the process, however. If one of your prized pieces have seen better days or you want to restore an old piece of furniture, follow these steps to make the wood look young again.

1. Strip the Paint – Use a chemical stripper to strip the paint or varnish from your furniture. You should do this in a well-ventilated room or outside and make sure to wear protective gloves and eyewear. The stripper softens the paint so you can scrape off the layers. Allow about 10 minutes for the stripper to work before you start scraping.

2. Clean the Wood – After stripping and scraping, clean the wood with mineral spirits and clean cloths or rags. Leave the furniture to dry.

3. Sand the Furniture – To make sure all the paint is removed, you need to sand the wood. Use 80 to 100 grit sandpaper and always remember to work with the grain and not against it. Sanding also prepares the wood to be stained.

4. Fix the Problem Areas – Aged furniture often have problems or defects like holes, dents, or nicks. You can now fill these up with wood filler or wood paste. When applying it, make sure you have a smooth finish that molds with the wood.

5. Sand it Again – A second round of sanding is needed to make sure the fixes blend with the rest of the wood. You should use a finer sandpaper now to start creating a more elegant finish.

6. Stain and Re-stain – Now that everything is smoothed out you can start applying stain coats. You should choose a color that matches the original color. Apply a coat of stain and let it dry. Keep applying coats until you are happy with the color and finish.

The process is actually quite simple and gets easier the more you do it. Restoring furniture and rejuvenating the wood is a great project that is fun as well.

Common Types of Lumber and Their Uses

Lumber isn’t just one type of wood. There are different variants within the lumber category and they are all used for different purposes. When using lumber for projects, make sure that you get the right type of lumber for your purpose. Today, we will have a look at the different types of lumber and what they can be used for.

The two main types of lumber are hardwood and softwood and they can be used for different purposes.

Softwood Lumber

Softwood comes from trees that we call coniferous which means they are evergreens and do not lose their leaves. Examples are pine trees, fir trees, cedar trees, and poplar trees.

Pine Lumber – This type of wood can be used to make furniture or in construction. It is a relatively inexpensive option and is easy to find. The choice of pine lumber will be determined by what you want to do. Some pines are harder and stronger and good for use in construction, while others are softer and are better suited to furniture making.

Poplar Lumber – Poplar is the hardest of the softwoods and is used in cabinet making and other furniture. It can be easily stained or painted and even used for ceiling moldings. It gets scratched and damaged easily.

Cedar Lumber – Cedar is a strong wood that is naturally resistant to bugs, rotting, and water. It can be used in both construction and furniture. It is often used for fencing, saunas, boats, and even shingles because it won’t crack.

Hardwood Lumber

Hardwood comes from trees that we call deciduous which means that they shed their leaves. Hardwood includes maple, oak, mahogany, cherry, and teak.

Oak Lumber – There are two types of oak: red oak and white oak. Red oak grows fast and is less costly than white oak. White oak is one of the hardest woods you can find and even require special saws and equipment to process. Most antique furniture that is heavy, solid, and very expensive is made from white oak.

Birch Lumber – This is a very versatile type of lumber and can be used for making furniture, cabinets, and even more fancy and high-end furniture.

Lumber is versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes. They key is to use the right type for the right project to ensure success and longevity of your product.